J Oral Implantol.2005;31(1):2-17.
Bone formation in the maxillary sinus by using platelet-rich plasma: an experimental study in sheep.
Advanced Education Program in Implant Dentistry, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, USA.[email protected]
Recently, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been proven to be an effective regeneration adjunct when combined with autogenous bone in the reconstruction of mandibular defects. However, little is known about the effect of PRP when combined with a bone allograft in the maxillary sinus.
The purpose of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the ability of PRP to enhance bone regeneration in the maxillary sinus of sheep when combined with demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) and cortical cancellous freeze-dried bone allograft (CCFDBA). Ten sheep were selected for bilateral sinus augmentation DFDBA + CCFDBA + PRP (test) and DFDBA + CCFDBA (control).
Five were sacrificed at 3 months and the other 5 at 6 months.
Hematology tests were performed for platelet count, and histology slides were obtained for histomorphometric analysis taking 2 measures of interest: total area (square millimeters) and percentage of bone fill. Student t tests showed no significant difference between test and control groups for total area (P > .25) and percentage of bone fill (P > .80) at either 3 or 6 months.
The control group showed no statistical difference for total area (P < .095) and percentage of bone fill (P <.60) between 3- and 6-month healing times.
The test group, however, showed a significant increase in total area (P <.025) but not in percentage of bone fill (P <.40) for the 2 healing periods.
When the treatments were compared for interactions within the animal model, no clear tendency was evident for the test group to perform in relation to the control group regarding total area (r = .766, P < .01).
A moderate tendency existed between the percentages of bone filled (r = .824, P < .005). Platelet-rich plasma showed higher platelet count than did the whole blood (2 to 5 times). However, no correlation was found between the log ratio and the bone measures.
Within the limitations of this study, PRP failed to enhance or accelerate bone regeneration in the maxillary sinus of sheep when combined with bone allograft.
[PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]